Bagan is an ancient city located in the Mandalay Region of Burma (Myanmar), home to the largest and densest concentration of Buddhist temples and stupas in the world. Once a mighty city was eventually sacked by the mongols. Interestingly its not a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


From the 9th to 13th centuries, the city was the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan, the first kingdom to unify the regions that would later constitute modern Myanmar. During the kingdom's height between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed in the Bagan plains alone, of which the remains of over 2200 temples and pagodas still survive to the present day.

Bagan stands out for not only the sheer number of religious edifices of Myanmar but also the magnificent architecture of the buildings, and their contribution to Burmese temple design. The artistry of the architecture of pagodas in Bagan prove the achievement of Myanmar craftsmen in handicrafts. The Bagan temple falls into one of two broad categories: the stupa style solid temple and the gu-style hollow temple.


Htilominlo Temple is a Buddhist temple located in Bagan, in Burma/Myanmar, built during the reign of King Htilominlo, 1211-1231. The temple is three stories tall, with a height of 46 metres, and built with red brick.